codeigniter 21

Codeigniter 4🔥 [21.- rutas]

en este tutorial vamos a trabajar con las rutar y para los que no sepan una ruta es algo asi http://localhost/ci4/nuevo osea en otras palabras es una url personalizada.
Codigo en github.com: https://github.com/programadornovato/codeigniter4/commit/d23b46c41d21e7eb95dc378c4bde65c030957a2d

//app/Config/App.php 
<?php namespace Config;

use CodeIgniter\Config\BaseConfig;

class App extends BaseConfig
{

	/*
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	| Base Site URL
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	|
	| URL to your CodeIgniter root. Typically this will be your base URL,
	| WITH a trailing slash:
	|
	|	http://example.com/
	|
	| If this is not set then CodeIgniter will try guess the protocol, domain
	| and path to your installation. However, you should always configure this
	| explicitly and never rely on auto-guessing, especially in production
	| environments.
	|
	*/
	public $baseURL = 'http://localhost/ci4/';

	/*
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	| Index File
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	|
	| Typically this will be your index.php file, unless you've renamed it to
	| something else. If you are using mod_rewrite to remove the page set this
	| variable so that it is blank.
	|
	*/
	public $indexPage = '';

	/*
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	| URI PROTOCOL
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	|
	| This item determines which getServer global should be used to retrieve the
	| URI string.  The default setting of 'REQUEST_URI' works for most servers.
	| If your links do not seem to work, try one of the other delicious flavors:
	|
	| 'REQUEST_URI'    Uses $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI']
	| 'QUERY_STRING'   Uses $_SERVER['QUERY_STRING']
	| 'PATH_INFO'      Uses $_SERVER['PATH_INFO']
	|
	| WARNING: If you set this to 'PATH_INFO', URIs will always be URL-decoded!
	*/
	public $uriProtocol = 'REQUEST_URI';

	/*
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	| Default Locale
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	|
	| The Locale roughly represents the language and location that your visitor
	| is viewing the site from. It affects the language strings and other
	| strings (like currency markers, numbers, etc), that your program
	| should run under for this request.
	|
	*/
	public $defaultLocale = 'en';

	/*
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	| Negotiate Locale
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	|
	| If true, the current Request object will automatically determine the
	| language to use based on the value of the Accept-Language header.
	|
	| If false, no automatic detection will be performed.
	|
	*/
	public $negotiateLocale = false;

	/*
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	| Supported Locales
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	|
	| If $negotiateLocale is true, this array lists the locales supported
	| by the application in descending order of priority. If no match is
	| found, the first locale will be used.
	|
	*/
	public $supportedLocales = ['en'];

	/*
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	| Application Timezone
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	|
	| The default timezone that will be used in your application to display
	| dates with the date helper, and can be retrieved through app_timezone()
	|
	*/
	public $appTimezone = 'America/Chicago';

	/*
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	| Default Character Set
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	|
	| This determines which character set is used by default in various methods
	| that require a character set to be provided.
	|
	| See http://php.net/htmlspecialchars for a list of supported charsets.
	|
	*/
	public $charset = 'UTF-8';

	/*
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	| URI PROTOCOL
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	|
	| If true, this will force every request made to this application to be
	| made via a secure connection (HTTPS). If the incoming request is not
	| secure, the user will be redirected to a secure version of the page
	| and the HTTP Strict Transport Security header will be set.
	*/
	public $forceGlobalSecureRequests = false;

	/*
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	| Session Variables
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	|
	| 'sessionDriver'
	|
	|	The storage driver to use: files, database, redis, memcached
	|       - CodeIgniter\Session\Handlers\FileHandler
	|       - CodeIgniter\Session\Handlers\DatabaseHandler
	|       - CodeIgniter\Session\Handlers\MemcachedHandler
	|       - CodeIgniter\Session\Handlers\RedisHandler
	|
	| 'sessionCookieName'
	|
	|	The session cookie name, must contain only [0-9a-z_-] characters
	|
	| 'sessionExpiration'
	|
	|	The number of SECONDS you want the session to last.
	|	Setting to 0 (zero) means expire when the browser is closed.
	|
	| 'sessionSavePath'
	|
	|	The location to save sessions to, driver dependent.
	|
	|	For the 'files' driver, it's a path to a writable directory.
	|	WARNING: Only absolute paths are supported!
	|
	|	For the 'database' driver, it's a table name.
	|	Please read up the manual for the format with other session drivers.
	|
	|	IMPORTANT: You are REQUIRED to set a valid save path!
	|
	| 'sessionMatchIP'
	|
	|	Whether to match the user's IP address when reading the session data.
	|
	|	WARNING: If you're using the database driver, don't forget to update
	|	         your session table's PRIMARY KEY when changing this setting.
	|
	| 'sessionTimeToUpdate'
	|
	|	How many seconds between CI regenerating the session ID.
	|
	| 'sessionRegenerateDestroy'
	|
	|	Whether to destroy session data associated with the old session ID
	|	when auto-regenerating the session ID. When set to FALSE, the data
	|	will be later deleted by the garbage collector.
	|
	| Other session cookie settings are shared with the rest of the application,
	| except for 'cookie_prefix' and 'cookie_httponly', which are ignored here.
	|
	*/
	public $sessionDriver            = 'CodeIgniter\Session\Handlers\FileHandler';
	public $sessionCookieName        = 'ci_session';
	public $sessionExpiration        = 7200;
	public $sessionSavePath          = WRITEPATH . 'session';
	public $sessionMatchIP           = false;
	public $sessionTimeToUpdate      = 300;
	public $sessionRegenerateDestroy = false;

	/*
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	| Cookie Related Variables
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	|
	| 'cookiePrefix'   = Set a cookie name prefix if you need to avoid collisions
	| 'cookieDomain'   = Set to .your-domain.com for site-wide cookies
	| 'cookiePath'     = Typically will be a forward slash
	| 'cookieSecure'   = Cookie will only be set if a secure HTTPS connection exists.
	| 'cookieHTTPOnly' = Cookie will only be accessible via HTTP(S) (no javascript)
	|
	| Note: These settings (with the exception of 'cookie_prefix' and
	|       'cookie_httponly') will also affect sessions.
	|
	*/
	public $cookiePrefix   = '';
	public $cookieDomain   = '';
	public $cookiePath     = '/';
	public $cookieSecure   = false;
	public $cookieHTTPOnly = false;

	/*
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	| Reverse Proxy IPs
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	|
	| If your server is behind a reverse proxy, you must whitelist the proxy
	| IP addresses from which CodeIgniter should trust headers such as
	| HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR and HTTP_CLIENT_IP in order to properly identify
	| the visitor's IP address.
	|
	| You can use both an array or a comma-separated list of proxy addresses,
	| as well as specifying whole subnets. Here are a few examples:
	|
	| Comma-separated:	'10.0.1.200,192.168.5.0/24'
	| Array:		array('10.0.1.200', '192.168.5.0/24')
	*/
	public $proxyIPs = '';

	/*
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	| Cross Site Request Forgery
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	| Enables a CSRF cookie token to be set. When set to TRUE, token will be
	| checked on a submitted form. If you are accepting user data, it is strongly
	| recommended CSRF protection be enabled.
	|
	| CSRFTokenName   = The token name
	| CSRFCookieName  = The cookie name
	| CSRFExpire      = The number in seconds the token should expire.
	| CSRFRegenerate  = Regenerate token on every submission
	| CSRFRedirect    = Redirect to previous page with error on failure
	*/
	public $CSRFTokenName  = 'csrf_test_name';
	public $CSRFCookieName = 'csrf_cookie_name';
	public $CSRFExpire     = 7200;
	public $CSRFRegenerate = true;
	public $CSRFRedirect   = true;

	/*
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	| Content Security Policy
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	| Enables the Response's Content Secure Policy to restrict the sources that
	| can be used for images, scripts, CSS files, audio, video, etc. If enabled,
	| the Response object will populate default values for the policy from the
	| ContentSecurityPolicy.php file. Controllers can always add to those
	| restrictions at run time.
	|
	| For a better understanding of CSP, see these documents:
	|   - http://www.html5rocks.com/en/tutorials/security/content-security-policy/
	|   - http://www.w3.org/TR/CSP/
	*/
	public $CSPEnabled = false;

}






//app/Config/Routes.php
<?php namespace Config;

/**
 * --------------------------------------------------------------------
 * URI Routing
 * --------------------------------------------------------------------
 * This file lets you re-map URI requests to specific controller functions.
 *
 * Typically there is a one-to-one relationship between a URL string
 * and its corresponding controller class/method. The segments in a
 * URL normally follow this pattern:
 *
 *    example.com/class/method/id
 *
 * In some instances, however, you may want to remap this relationship
 * so that a different class/function is called than the one
 * corresponding to the URL.
 */

// Create a new instance of our RouteCollection class.
$routes = Services::routes(true);

// Load the system's routing file first, so that the app and ENVIRONMENT
// can override as needed.
if (file_exists(SYSTEMPATH . 'Config/Routes.php'))
{
	require SYSTEMPATH . 'Config/Routes.php';
}

/**
 * --------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Router Setup
 * --------------------------------------------------------------------
 * The RouteCollection object allows you to modify the way that the
 * Router works, by acting as a holder for it's configuration settings.
 * The following methods can be called on the object to modify
 * the default operations.
 *
 *    $routes->defaultNamespace()
 *
 * Modifies the namespace that is added to a controller if it doesn't
 * already have one. By default this is the global namespace (\).
 *
 *    $routes->defaultController()
 *
 * Changes the name of the class used as a controller when the route
 * points to a folder instead of a class.
 *
 *    $routes->defaultMethod()
 *
 * Assigns the method inside the controller that is ran when the
 * Router is unable to determine the appropriate method to run.
 *
 *    $routes->setAutoRoute()
 *
 * Determines whether the Router will attempt to match URIs to
 * Controllers when no specific route has been defined. If false,
 * only routes that have been defined here will be available.
 */
$routes->setDefaultNamespace('App\Controllers');
$routes->setDefaultController('Home');
$routes->setDefaultMethod('index');
$routes->setTranslateURIDashes(false);
$routes->set404Override();
$routes->setAutoRoute(true);

/**
 * --------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Route Definitions
 * --------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

// We get a performance increase by specifying the default
// route since we don't have to scan directories.
$routes->get('/', 'Micontrolador::index');
$routes->get('/nuevo', 'Micontrolador::formulario');
$routes->get('/empleados/nuevo', 'Micontrolador::formulario');

/**
 * --------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Additional Routing
 * --------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * There will often be times that you need additional routing and you
 * need to it be able to override any defaults in this file. Environment
 * based routes is one such time. require() additional route files here
 * to make that happen.
 *
 * You will have access to the $routes object within that file without
 * needing to reload it.
 */
if (file_exists(APPPATH . 'Config/' . ENVIRONMENT . '/Routes.php'))
{
	require APPPATH . 'Config/' . ENVIRONMENT . '/Routes.php';
}





//app/Controllers/Home.php
<?php namespace App\Controllers;

use CodeIgniter\Controller;
use App\Models\UserModel;

class Home extends BaseController
{
	public function __construct(){
		helper('form');
	}
	public function guarda(){
		$userModel=new UserModel($db);
		$request= \Config\Services::request();
		$data=array(
			'name'=>$request->getPostGet('name'),
			'email'=>$request->getPostGet('email'),
		);
		if($request->getPostGet('id')){
			$data['id']=$request->getPostGet('id');
		}
		if($userModel->save($data)===false){
			var_dump($userModel->errors());
		}
		if($request->getPostGet('id')){
			$users=$userModel->find([$request->getPostGet('id')]);
			$users=array('users'=>$users);
			$estructura=view('estructura/header').view('estructura/formulario',$users);	
		}
		else{
			$users=$userModel->findAll();
			$users=array('users'=>$users);
			$estructura=view('estructura/header').view('estructura/body',$users);
		}
		return $estructura;

	}
	public function editar(){
		$userModel=new UserModel($db);
		$request= \Config\Services::request();
		$id=$request->getPostGet('id');
		$users=$userModel->find([$id]);
		$users=array('users'=>$users);
		$estructura=view('estructura/header').view('estructura/formulario',$users);
		return $estructura;

	}
	public function borrar(){
		$userModel=new UserModel($db);
		$request= \Config\Services::request();
		$id=$request->getPostGet('id');
		$userModel->delete($id);
		$users=$userModel->findAll();
		$users=array('users'=>$users);
		$estructura=view('estructura/header').view('estructura/body',$users);
		return $estructura;

	}

	public function formulario(){
		$estructura=view('estructura/header').view('estructura/formulario');
		return $estructura;
	}
	public function index()
	{
		echo "Home";
		$userModel=new UserModel($db);
		//$users=$userModel->find([1,2]);
		//$users=$userModel->findAll();
		//$users=$userModel->where('name','maria')->findAll();
		//$users=$userModel->findAll(2,3);
		//$users=$userModel->withDeleted()->findAll();
		/*
		$data=[
			'name'=>"programador1",
			'email'=>"[email protected]"
		];
		$userModel->insert($data);
		
		$data=[
			'name'=>"programador2",
			'email'=>"[email protected]"
		];
		$userModel->update(10,$data);
		
		$data=[
			'name'=>"yo"
		];
		$userModel->update([2,3],$data);
		
		$userModel->whereIn('id',[4,5,10])
		->set(['name'=>'yo tambien'])
		->update();
		
		$data=[
			'name'=>"programador11",
			'email'=>"[email protected]"
		];
		$userModel->save($data);
		
		$data=[
			'id'=>"12",
			'name'=>"programador yo tambien",
			'email'=>"[email protected]"
		];
		$userModel->save($data);
		*/
		//$userModel->delete([2,4,5]);
		//$userModel->where('id',10)->delete();
		//$userModel->purgeDeleted();
		/*
		$data=[
			'name'=>"programadorvalido nuevo 2",
			'email'=>"[email protected]"
		];
		if($userModel->save($data)===false){
			var_dump($userModel->errors());
		}
		*/
		/*
		$users=$userModel->asArray()->where('name','programador11')
		->orderBy('id','asc')
		->findAll();
		var_dump($users);
		*/
		$users=$userModel->findAll();
		
		$users=array('users'=>$users);
		$estructura=view('estructura/header').view('estructura/body',$users);
		return $estructura;
		
	}

	//--------------------------------------------------------------------

}







//app/Controllers/Micontrolador.php
<?php namespace App\Controllers;

use CodeIgniter\Controller;
use App\Models\UserModel;

class Micontrolador extends BaseController
{
	public function __construct(){
		helper('form');
	}
	public function guarda(){
		$userModel=new UserModel($db);
		$request= \Config\Services::request();
		$data=array(
			'name'=>$request->getPostGet('name'),
			'email'=>$request->getPostGet('email'),
		);
		if($request->getPostGet('id')){
			$data['id']=$request->getPostGet('id');
		}
		if($userModel->save($data)===false){
			var_dump($userModel->errors());
		}
		if($request->getPostGet('id')){
			$users=$userModel->find([$request->getPostGet('id')]);
			$users=array('users'=>$users);
			$estructura=view('estructura/header').view('estructura/formulario',$users);	
		}
		else{
			$users=$userModel->findAll();
			$users=array('users'=>$users);
			$estructura=view('estructura/header').view('estructura/body',$users);
		}
		return $estructura;

	}
	public function editar(){
		$userModel=new UserModel($db);
		$request= \Config\Services::request();
		$id=$request->getPostGet('id');
		$users=$userModel->find([$id]);
		$users=array('users'=>$users);
		$estructura=view('estructura/header').view('estructura/formulario',$users);
		return $estructura;

	}
	public function borrar(){
		$userModel=new UserModel($db);
		$request= \Config\Services::request();
		$id=$request->getPostGet('id');
		$userModel->delete($id);
		$users=$userModel->findAll();
		$users=array('users'=>$users);
		$estructura=view('estructura/header').view('estructura/body',$users);
		return $estructura;

	}

	public function formulario(){
		$estructura=view('estructura/header').view('estructura/formulario');
		return $estructura;
	}
	public function index()
	{
		echo "Micontrolador";
		$userModel=new UserModel($db);
		//$users=$userModel->find([1,2]);
		//$users=$userModel->findAll();
		//$users=$userModel->where('name','maria')->findAll();
		//$users=$userModel->findAll(2,3);
		//$users=$userModel->withDeleted()->findAll();
		/*
		$data=[
			'name'=>"programador1",
			'email'=>"[email protected]"
		];
		$userModel->insert($data);
		
		$data=[
			'name'=>"programador2",
			'email'=>"[email protected]"
		];
		$userModel->update(10,$data);
		
		$data=[
			'name'=>"yo"
		];
		$userModel->update([2,3],$data);
		
		$userModel->whereIn('id',[4,5,10])
		->set(['name'=>'yo tambien'])
		->update();
		
		$data=[
			'name'=>"programador11",
			'email'=>"[email protected]"
		];
		$userModel->save($data);
		
		$data=[
			'id'=>"12",
			'name'=>"programador yo tambien",
			'email'=>"[email protected]"
		];
		$userModel->save($data);
		*/
		//$userModel->delete([2,4,5]);
		//$userModel->where('id',10)->delete();
		//$userModel->purgeDeleted();
		/*
		$data=[
			'name'=>"programadorvalido nuevo 2",
			'email'=>"[email protected]"
		];
		if($userModel->save($data)===false){
			var_dump($userModel->errors());
		}
		*/
		/*
		$users=$userModel->asArray()->where('name','programador11')
		->orderBy('id','asc')
		->findAll();
		var_dump($users);
		*/
		$users=$userModel->findAll();
		
		$users=array('users'=>$users);
		$estructura=view('estructura/header').view('estructura/body',$users);
		return $estructura;
		
	}

	//--------------------------------------------------------------------

}







//app/Views/estructura/body.php
<body>
<div class="container">
    <div class="row">
        <a href="<?php echo base_url(); ?>nuevo" class="btn btn-info" role="button" >Nuevo</a>
    </div>
    <div class="row">

    
        <table  class="table">
        <tr>
        <th scope="col">id</th>
        <th scope="col">name</th>
        <th scope="col">email</th>
        <th scope="col">deleted</th>
        <th scope="col">acciones</th>
        </tr>
        <?php
        foreach($users as $user){
            echo "<tr  scope='row' >";
            echo "<td>".$user['id']."</td>";
            echo "<td>".$user['name']."</td>";
            echo "<td>".$user['email']."</td>";
            echo "<td>".$user['deleted']."</td>";
            echo "<td>";
            ?>
            <a href="<?php echo base_url(); ?>micontrolador/editar?id=<?php echo $user['id']; ?>" class="btn btn-warning" role="button" ><i class="fa fa-pencil-square-o"></i></a>
            <a href="<?php echo base_url(); ?>micontrolador/borrar?id=<?php echo $user['id']; ?>" class="btn btn-danger" role="button" ><i class="fa fa-trash"></i></a>
            <?php
            echo "</td>";
            echo "</tr>";
        }
        ?>
        </table>
    </div>
</div>
</body>
</html>








//app/Views/estructura/formulario.php
<div class="container">
<?php
echo form_open('/Micontrolador/guarda');
if(isset($users)){
    $name=$users[0]['name'];
    $email=$users[0]['email'];
}
else{
    $name="";
    $email="";
}
?>
<div class="form-group">
<?php
echo form_label('Nombre','name');
echo form_input(array('name'=>'name','placeholder'=>'Nombre','class'=>'form-control','value'=>$name));
echo "<br>";
echo form_label('Email','email');
echo form_input(array('name'=>'email','placeholder'=>'Email','class'=>'form-control','value'=>$email));
echo "<br>";
echo form_submit('guarda','Guardar','class="btn btn-primary"');
if(isset($users)){
    echo form_hidden('id',$users[0]['id']);
}

?>
</div>
<?php

echo form_close();
?>
</div>


Guia oficial: https://codeigniter4.github.io/userguide/incoming/routing.html

.htaccess
RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond $1 !^(index.php|resources|robots.txt)
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ index.php/$1 [L,QSA] #Codeigniter4 #php7 #backend #Codeigniter #php .
? Esta lista de reproducción: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLCTD_CpMeEKTFN5TDeOP-wP_hU0_9VoWg

Codeigniter 4? [21.- rutas]

#Codeigniter4 #php7 #backend #Codeigniter #php .
? Esta lista de reproducción: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLCTD_CpMeEKTFN5TDeOP-wP_hU0_9VoWg
.
Codigos en gdrive: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1awbG6jI40IO0N68fgjLUwNFpsTC3wIHj/view?usp=sharing .
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